The whole process consists of several steps:
- Plastic recycling;
- Construction of the floating structures based on recycled plastic;
- Installation of solar-panels on the floating structures; and
- Deployment of the floating solar power plant on the sea.
A short video here
One important feature of the power plant is the use of recycled plastic for the floating structures, for example, high density polyethylene (HDPE), which can be produced from domestic plastic waste.
Using HPDE has several advantages compared with the use of traditional materials:
- HDPE is a light material;
- Its product life cycle is much longer than other materials;
- HDPE has carbon footprint five times lower than traditional building materials;
- It is completely recyclable after use.
Another feature is offshore application of the floating solar power plant. In this case, it does not occupy space on the land, which can be a solution for countries with the problem of land scarcity.
And the last feature, the power plant will produce the electricity from solar energy – Photovoltaics (PV). PV is one of the fastest-growing renewable energy technologies and is ready to play a major role in the future global electricity generation mix (source). PV technology produces GHG emission during its life cycle 20 times less than coal for example.